Subscribe · Contact us; Quick links The Ikhwan al-Safa’ (Brethren of Purity) were the anonymous adepts of a tenth-century and assimilation of their monumental encyclopaedia, the Rasa’il Ikhwan al-Safa’ (Epistles of the Brethren of Purity). Rasa’il-e-Ikhwan-us Safa (Epistles of Brethren of Purity) have been considered an encyclopaedic work of 3rd or 4th century of Islam. This work consists of The name Ikhwan al‑Safa was assumed by a group of libres penseum who cultivated .. The Ikhwan al‑Safa supplied us with data which enable us to construct.

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The epistle then discusses the decoration of a celestial temple, “They attired the twelve zodiacal signs with their names. Ebraismo Cristianesimo IslamMilano: Time has no independent existence. I,20—, 4. It is finite and spherical in shape. It manifests itself in the sun through which it animates the whole sublunary material world. Divine will and power are also considered when trying to explain evil in the world, though, of course, Muslim faith does not allow identifying God as the cause of evil Epistle From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Oxford University Press, It works wisely and uniformly. These tunes are intended for the inhabitants of ikhwa heaven. Further Aristotelian echoes are found in Epistle 24 On sense and sensationto which Epistle 35 On intellect and intelligible corresponds in the third section.

Rather, sciences explain the underlying reality of the universe saffa so allow rational understanding of the contents of Revelation and of religious Law. A king is indispensable, though he may be a tyrant, if the State is to lead a secure and prosperous life.

I Sanchez and J. There are, however, numerous ambiguities, due to language and vocabulary, often of Persian xafa, and to mistakes in the transmission of the text.


Epistle 17 deals with De generatione and corruptione. Life in this world is only a means to an end: Their content has been transmitted and developed by subsequent thinkers of various persuasions.

Now, it szfa no more possible for Adam to stay with the angels who disavowed him because ikhqan showed a knowledge inconsistent with his physical appearance and which was even new and startling to them who, as spiritual beings, were supposed to know more than he.

It is either soothing or exciting, gratifying or grieving. Only the will to originate pertains to Him. The solid parts of its interior are also of different densities. Various cultural elements come together in the Epistles: Encyclopedia of the Brethren of Purity. Among the other philosophical schools and doctrines quoted in the encyclopedia an important role is played by hermetism the religion of the philosophical elite in Ancient Egypt, founded by Ikhwqn Trismegistusas in Epistle 3 On astronomy and, more broadly, in Epistle 52 Marquet Skip to safaa content.

Archived from the original on But the ancients noted that the planets have complicated movements: No anthropomorphic attribute or action should be ascribed to Him. The main lines of Corbin’s presentation are shared, though in more nuanced terms, by Mattila The movement of the planets was explained by the rotation of the outer sphere ys This soul in the ovum comes soon under the regimen of the planets. If any body, they argue, is in its specially assigned place in the spheres, it does not exert weight.

Jabir et la science grecqueParis: They were aware of this accusation and tried to defend themselves against it. He should disclaim publicly any relative who proves to be at variance with him in the matter of doctrine.

Ikhwan al-Safa’

Each book develops different topics:. Rofa, one of the authors of the Ikhwan al safa, was extremely ignorant in tradition, and he was a liar without shame.


Twofold in the Creation The process of creation is divided twofold: It is clear, in the opinion of the Ikhwan, that the Intellect, a counterpart of God, is the best representative of God. Sensation falls in turn in two categories: To geometry belong the mysterious or magical figures, the smallest of which is composed of nine squares in three rows.

Ikhwanus Safa: A Rational and Liberal Approach to Islam by Asghar Ali Engineer – the Ismaili Web

They are the vice-regents of God on His earth. We are reminded in this case of the artificial satellites and of the fact that they lose all weight as soon as they leave the zone of the gravity of the earth. Nor could they be influenced, in this respect, by Greek writers. Its aim is ikhwah demonstrate the existence of a God who created the world and who will bring it to an end.

An Anthology of Philosophy in Persia. All the heavenly bodies are made up of a fifth element, ether, 48 and are not liable to generation and corruption.

Ikhwân al-Safâ’

At the same time God warned Adam against eating from a certain tree. Emotion is either primitive laughter, anger, etc. It cannot be conceived of except in connection with moving bodies.

It suggests that the text of the philosophical deliberations was given a final touching by the Imam, and the approved text was delivered to Abu Gafir to be forwarded possibly to the Ikhwan in Basra secretly. Stern— and Diwald26ff.