Ley de Régimen Electoral Transitorio [Law of the Transitory Electoral Regime] Ley del Deslinde Jurisdiccional [Law of Jurisdictional Demarcation] (Ley N◦ y Justicia e Paz: Proyecto de Ley de Coordinación Intercultural de la Justicia. Law on Jurisdictional Delimitation/Ley de Deslinde Jurisdiccional Law. / (Popular Participation Law), Ley de Participación Popular, enacted Law No/ (Jurisdictional Law), Ley de Deslinde Jurisdiccional, enacted.

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Access to justice also requires the respect and promotion of indigenous peoples’ usages, customs, juridical systems, autonomy and self-governance initiatives, also recognized 0773 the abovementioned international instruments.

In Chiapas, the creation and promotion of autonomous municipalities and good-governance councils have responded to the needs of indigenous peoples in the areas of health, education, justice and leg rights without creating dependence on government aid. Promoting an intercultural understanding of human rights.

Jurisdicdional are the right to life, the prohibition against slavery and torture, and the right to due process. Inicio Declaraciones International human rights perspectives on access to justice for indigenous peoples in Mexico. In Mexico, as in other countries, the recognition of indigenous juridical systems would also involve the establishment of mechanisms for harmonization and interface with the national or ordinary jurisdiction.

The National Criminal Procedure Code provides that in cases dealing with crimes affecting the legal interests of an indigenous person or people, and where the parties accept ,ey resolution provided by the community’s normative system, then federal criminal criminal action would cease, dwslinde when it affects the dignity of persons and the rights of women and children.

The Philippine law recognizes the right edslinde indigenous peoples “to use their own commonly accepted justice systems, conflict resolution nurisdiccional, peace building processes or mechanisms and other customary laws and practices within their respective communities and as may be compatible with the national legal system and with internationally recognized human rights.

Furthermore, measures need to be adopted so that the criminal justice system is not used to criminalize indigenous peoples, or those that assist them, when engaging in the legitimate defense of their rights.

This would be a way for State authorities to learn about indigenous cultures, languages, customs, laws and procedures in order to prevent prejudicial attitudes against indigenous systems of justice. Regarding the recognition of indigenous normative and juridical systems, some states have recognized indigenous community police, indigenous courts and other forms of conflict resolution jurisdiccoonal.


Dear ladies and gentlemen present here today. Therefore, avenues of dialogue, coordination and collaboration are needed between State authorities and indigenous autonomous institutions such as community police, indigenous courts, good governance councils and autonomous 037 in areas of mutual interest. The above international sources reflect the need for States to address disadvantages indigenous peoples face due to language, cultural, economic and other barriers within national legal systems.

Access to justice and indigenous juridical systems under international standards International human rights treaties and instruments ratified and supported by Mexico affirm the obligation of States to guarantee the ability of indigenous peoples to access justice within the national legal system.

Bolivia aprobó una peligrosa ley de justicia indígena – Infobae

These are also important elements to enable indigenous peoples’ access to justice. This needs to addressed through actions by the Supreme Court and other relevant tribunals to step up existing mechanisms to ensure enforcement of those judgments. Domestic and international legal sources state that the exercise of the right by indigenous peoples of customary justice practices must also respect fundamental human jurisdicccional. Efforts at obtaining land recognition can lye hindered due to boundary disputes with other communities and private landowners or where agrarian and other authorities or third parties promote natural resource development activities in indigenous territories.

In Bolivia, constitutional recognition of indigenous jurisdiction was followed by legislation to enable coordination with the ordinary justice. This would be an important response to the needs of indigenous peoples to access justice systems that are suited to their social, cultural, economic needs and particularities. I will then conclude with a discussion of further areas of work in the areas of indigenous justice systems and autonomy based on the recommendations I made in my country report.

This would also include crimes committed by police and military agents against indigenous civilians, which must be brought before civilian jurisdictions. Mexico played a leading role in the approval by the United Nations General Assembly of the Declaration on the rights of indigenous peoples in Any conflicts in the application of these principles call for the establishment of procedures to resolve said conflicts arts. This includes Indigenous community-based police in Guerrero and Michoacan.

Indigenous peoples have also utilized the amparo mechanism brought about by the constitutional reform to seek protection of their rights in the context of megaprojects carried out in their lands without prior consultation.


Bolivia aprobó una peligrosa ley de justicia indígena

International human rights perspectives on access to justice for indigenous peoples in Mexico. This includes challenges in obtaining justice and reparations for human rights violations through the national justice systems, as well as exercising their rights to their own systems of justice and related rights to autonomy and self-government. These review bodies would need to contribute constructively to the respect and strengthening of indigenous jurisdictional powers.

In my presentation, I will begin by providing an overview of international human rights standards related to indigenous peoples’ access to justice and their own juridical systems. State legislation and federal electoral court decisions have reaffirmed the rights of indigenous peoples in states like Oaxaca, Michoacan, Morelos and Guerrero to elect local and municipal authorities according to their usages and customs.

However, there is also a need to develop mechanisms to ensure access to justice for indigenous peoples seeking protection of their lands, territories and natural resources in the context of megaprojects, agrarian conflicts and cases of environmental and health damages. The recommendations in my report emphasize the need to promote and strengthen indigenous autonomy, self-government and juridical systems.

My mission had the two-fold purpose of assessing the implementation of the recommendations that my predecessor Special Rapporteur Rodolfo Stavenhagen made in and to evaluate how Mexico has implemented its international commitments on deslnde peoples’ human rights.

The jurisdicciohal I received indicated problems in the respect of due process rights of indigenous individuals before the criminal justice systems due the shortage of indigenous language interpreters, lawyers, public defenders and justice operators who speak indigenous languages.

Said review body could provide a space for true intercultural dialogue and decision-making, where the cultural context in which decisions made by indigenous authorities would be understood, respected and taken into account.

At the same time, it would be lfy to encourage the participation of indigenous elders and traditional cultural authorities as experts, in addition to academics. Various countries in and outside of the Latin American region have developed legislation or jurisprudence seeking to establish parameters of coordination between the two systems of justice following constitutional or legislative recognition of indigenous jurisdiction and juridical systems.