Lundell generator (alternator). Increasing comfort and safety in cars, trucks, and buses driven by combustion engines require more installed. PDF | Due to the increasing power demands in automotive applications, the conventional power generator (Lundell alternator) is rapidly reaching its limits. Abstract—Thermal analysis of Lundell alternators used in automobiles is presented. An analytical thermal model for Lun- dell alternators is proposed, and .

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Power Electronic Solutions to Improve the Performance of Lundell Automotive Alternators

The accuracy of such a model highly depends on the parameters identification or computation method. Model T Ford Club of America. In this context, this chapter focuses on the improvements of Lundell alternators that could represent a,ternator best solutions for the short term. Electrical To calculate voltages, the block uses these equations.

Remarkable differences are although noticeable on the idle mode output power. A cross-section of a typical industrial claw-pole rotor generator lundelp shown in Figure 1 below.

The active rectifier boosts the alternator voltage in order to attain acceptable performances during low speed operation.

Beginning with the model year, Ford added electric headlights, also powered by the magneto. The first commercial mild hybrid electrical vehicle, launched inmakes use of the Lundell machine as a starter generator. They use slip rings having greatly extended brush life over a commutator. With this demagnetisation effect the magnetic losses become proportional to speed itself rather than the square of speed as expected in no-load conditions. In case of controlled rectifiers, the armature reaction can have a magnetizing effect at low speeds depending on the power angle.


Usually six diodes in a full-bridge configuration are used to luncell the output current.

Diode voltage drop, in V. However, like a synchronous rectifier, it offers bidirectional power flow control. Besides, it may be also employed in applications where bidirectional power lundlel is required such as stop-start system Beretta, Magnetic losses At nominal excitation current and at lower speeds, the output current is low and the stator is fully saturated due to the weak magnetic reaction.

Reduced Lundell (claw-pole) alternator with an external voltage regulator – Simulink

Increasing the number of poles reduces the inductance lundel the stator winding, and as a result, increases the short circuit current. Large AC generators used in power stations run at carefully controlled speeds and have no constraints on size or weight. LdTrq — Motor shaft torque scalar. Double-winding alternator with CSPR. Inputs expand all RefVolt — Alternator output voltage command scalar. Table 1 shows the distribution of losses in an alternator Beretta, for two different speeds full excitation field.

In this case, the different windings are connected to different diode rectifiers and must be magnetically decoupled Cros et al.

Increasing the filling factor will reduce copper losses, however, this is limited by the industrial production constraints Beretta, A PFBR is a quite expensive and complex solution; it counts for several active switches and requires rotor position sensing or complex sensorless algorithms Boldea, The mmf distribution changes between the extreme shapes in Figure 3a.

The excitation circuit is disconnected when the ICE is shut down, to save in battery life and in fuel consumption. During high speed operation, it is preferable to operate in synchronous rectification mode. Edited by Joao Carmo. Another way is to rewind the alternator with a lower number of turns and to replace the conventional diode rectifier by an active PWM rectifier. Login to your personal dashboard for more detailed statistics on your publications. Efficiency reduces dramatically at high speeds mainly due to fan resistance.


Every car has it – The Lundell generator with claw-pole rotor

Experimental current waveforms for: Larger vehicles may have salient pole alternators similar to larger machines. Semiconductor parts count and normalized current ratings for each topology. The owner would have to install the battery himself and charge it externally.

This will also add to magnetic losses at very low speeds and low loads where the flux density in the air-gap generated mainly by excitation field is modulated by the stator slot openings. Other MathWorks country sites are not optimized for visits from your location. Part of the Automobile series. The output power is controlled by regulating the field current. Retrieved from ” https: The stator has often a single slot per pole and per phase 36 total slots.

Rewound alternator with BSBR. To further reduce the noise, lindell claw poles have a chamfer Figure 6.